Source of Images Used in ToxLearn

Permissions to use the images in ToxLearn fall into 3 categories:

  1. Public domain images, including photos courtesy of U.S. government agencies, as attributed below.
  2. Permission for use granted at no charge and attributed as shown below.
  3. Images purchased and permission for use granted and attributed as shown below.
Images in categories 2 and 3 may not be reproduced or otherwise appropriated from this site. NLM makes no further representation about use of any of these images for other purposes, nor does NLM guarantee the permanence of the URLs listed below.

 

Home Page

Page

Image

Source

Splash Page (or Home Page)

Mushrooms

http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2005/051128.Amanita_phalloides-i.jpg

Other images in the banner

Purchased from Istockphoto. All rights reserved.

Module I

Page

Image

Source

3

Newspaper

Used with permission from the Patient Education Institute. All rights reserved.

6

Conium Maculatum (Poison Hemlock)

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Conium_maculatum.jpg/407px-Conium_maculatum.jpg

7

Peeling paint

http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/images/tip7.jpg

8

Worker in protective clothing

http://www.sti.nasa.gov/tto/Spinoff2006/images/p026-037_img_8.jpg

Asbestos sign

http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2003/05/asbestos.gif

9

Protestor

http://www.epa.gov/superfund/20years/images/protest.jpg

10

Viktor Yushchenko

Purchased from AP. All rights reserved.

11

 

Coffee cup

http://images.google.com/images?q=tbn:kj8Mis95HVxNgM:http://medias.lefigaro.fr/photos/20061207.WWW000000275_19984_3.jpg

Used by permission Bob Lazar, United Nuclear Scientific

Hungry cat and dog

http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/fdaandyou/images/issue14-7.jpg

Toys

http://education.jpl.nasa.gov/iged/images/mdl_toy_browse.jpg

13

Orfila

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/news/press_releases/images/visibleproofs/II_A_202.jpg

Paracelsus

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paracelsus01.jpg

14

 

Scientist

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/plan/lrp06/report/images/woman_in_lab.jpg (Photo credit: National Institutes of Health)

Lab montage

Purchased from Istockphoto. All rights reserved.

16

Scientists

http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/graphics/photos/nov05/d247-2.htm

18

Discipline graphic

Concept by Michael Kamrin, drawn by Patient Education Institute.

19

Scientist

http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/graphics/photos/oct08/d1244-1i.jpg

20

Medications

http://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/documents/image/ucm161544.jpg

21

Mushrooms

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LA2-Blitz-0309.jpg

Dead fish

http://www.epa.gov/compliance/criminal/images/fishkill1.jpg

22

Scientist

http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/images/pictures/microscope.jpg.

23

Cosmetics

http://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/documents/image/ucm161444.jpg

24

Scientist

http://tobaccofree.nih.gov/benefits.htm

25

Helix

http://www.genome.gov/Images/press_photos/lowres/96-72.jpg

Baby and doctor

http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/omb/budget/fy2006/images/hhs-11.jpg

26

Zinc oxide nanoparticles

http://www.sandia.gov/pcnsc/images/ZnO.gif

Nanotubes

http://www.epa.gov/futureofscience/promote/images/nanotechnology.jpg

27

Cell with nanofiber probe

http://www.ornl.gov/info/ornlreview/v38_3_05/images/a16_p22_sm.jpg

Lab worker

http://genesismission.jpl.nasa.gov/gm2/news/features/images/sunlockkey/IMG_2278_caw.jpg

28

Parcelsus

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paracelsus01.jpg

29

Pill ad

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Ayers_Cathartic_Pills.png

30

Feet on scale

http://foodconsumer.org/7777/uploads/1/bscale-nccam.nih.gov.jpeg

Pills

http://blog.usa.gov/roller/govgab/resource/images/pills2.jpg

31

Agent Exposure Graph

Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

32

Response table

Based on a concept from ToxTutor. Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

33

Deutschepost Stamp

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DBP_1949_118_Paracelsus.jpg

34

Ectasy effects

http://www.drugabuse.gov/pubs/teaching/teaching4/largegifs/slide13.gif

36

Daily Dose Graph

Based on a concept from ToxTutor. Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

37

Kids drinking

http://www.epa.gov/region6/water/gif/kids3.jpg

38

Organ systems

Used with permission from the Patient Education Institute. All rights reserved.

39

Scientist

http://www.cdc.gov/NIOSH/Mining/images%5CChemistryLabSRL.jpg

41

Toxicity graphic

Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

42

Toxicity graph

Based on original from http://aquaticpath.umd.edu/appliedtox/images-toxtutor/chart05.gif. Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

43

Alcohol Beverages

http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/prevent/l_alcohol/images/alcohol.jpg

Alcohol Blood Level Chart

Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

45

NOAEL and LOAEL Chart

Drawn by Patient Education Institute.

Module II

2

Human body

http://images.wellcome.ac.uk/indexplus/page/Prices.html

3

Antique poison bottle

http://blogs.plos.org/speakeasyscience/files/2012/01/ii_b_110.jpg

5

Red blood cells and contents

Drawn and animated by Patient Education Institute.

6

Organs

http://images.nigms.nih.gov/index.cfm?event=doSearch&searchTerm=&tyPEID=&sizeID=&page=13&add=2564 

7

Replacement of tissue with fibrous

http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/Resources/GraphicsGallery/Liver/PublishingImages/214f1.gif

10

Liver cells

http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/NR/rdonlyres/9D7810E2-8293-4082-BA41-7A678AA533B7/0/ldrb_chapter1.pdf

Liver and kidneys

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/findings/feb04/lau_files/images/image9.png

11

Nerve cells

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK20369/bin/mentalhealthf2.jpg

12

Muscle cells

http://training.seer.cancer.gov/images/anatomy/cells_tissues_membranes/muscle_tissue.jpg

Body and organs

Drawn by Patient Education Institute

13

Basketball player and tissues

http://www.msjensen.gen.umn.edu/webanatomy/image_database/Reproductive/default.htm

14

Ovum and sperm

http://www.nih.gov/researchmatters/november2009/11022009infertility.htm

15

Human karyotype

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Sky_spectral_karyotype.gif

17

Cell structure

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/picrender.fcgi?book=iga&part=A3427&blobname=ch21f1a.jpg

18

Cell

IStock photo purchased by SOT

19

Cell membrane structure

http://www.ncnr.nist.gov/programs/reflect/rp/biology/cell_membrane_p2.jpg

20

Excessive drinking

http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/images/basas/excessive-drinking-woman-lg.jpg

21

Nuclear contents

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/thenewgenetics/chapter1.html

22

tRNA and mRNA

http://www.ornl.gov/sci/tech resources/Human_Genome/publicat/tko/images/03b_lg.gif

24

Mustard gas

NLM ChemIDplus

25

Fast food

http://www.nih.gov/researchmatters/february2008/images/junkfood_l.jpg

26

Ribosome

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/images/ch2_ribosome_proteinbig.jpg

27

Fibrinogen

http://www.gmca.anl.gov/news/PGhosh_2011_12.html

28

Smooth ER

http://www.genome.gov/dmd/previews/85159_large.jpg

29

Rough ER

http://www.genome.gov/dmd/previews/85158_large.jpg

Liver cells

http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/NR/rdonlyres/9D7810E2-8293-4082-BA41-7A678AA533B7/0/ldrb_chapter1.pdf

30

Lysosomes

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/images/ch1_lysosome.jpg

31

Lysosomes and peroxisomes

http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/illustrations/celllysosomes

33

Mitochondria

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/chapter1.html

35

Cell structure

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK26909/bin/ch1f31.jpg

44

Lipids

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/ch2_lipidraft_big.html

45

Cell Membrance

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Scheme_facilitated_diffusion_in_cell_membrane-en.svg

Carbon tetrachloride

Animated by Patient Education Institute

46

Fire extinguisher

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aiga_fireextinguisher_inv.svg

Pesticides

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pesticide-sign.png

47

Polypeptide

http://www.genome.gov/dmd/previews/85262_large.jpg

Hemoglobin

http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~edudev/LabTutorials/Hemoglobin/MetalComplexinBlood.html

48

Protein-based structures

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/structlife/chapter1.html

49

Competitive inhibitor

Drawn by Patient Education Institute

50

DNA and bases

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/thenewgenetics/images/ch1_nucleotide.jpg

51

DNA and RNA

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Difference_DNA_RNA-EN.svg

52

DNA to protein

http://www.ornl.gov/sci/tech resources/Human_Genome/publicat/tko/images/03b_lg.gif

53

Genes to proteins

U.S. Department of Energy
http://web.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/publicat/jmmbbag.pdf

54

Cigarette warning label 1

http://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/documents/image/ucm259735.gif

Cigarette warning label 2

http://global.tobaccofreekids.org/files/pdfs/en/WL_country_United_States_en.pdf

55

UV damage to RNA

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/UVB/Images/dna_mutation.gif

ATP

http://www.chemspider.com/RecordView.aspx?rid=0dbc266f-7880-40ec-bfbf-2ba9b8bc731a

56

ADP

Animated by Patient Education Institute

61

Tranparent body

http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/assets/images/bodyorgansjpg.jpg

65

Synpatic transmission

http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/activities/lesson2_neurotransmission.htm

66

Cocaine and nerve junction

Drawn by Patient Education Institute

67

Overdrunk headstone

Blaine Carpenter, Seattle, WA

74

Cell and tissue repair

Drawn and animated by Patient Education Institute

76

Household exposures

http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/eh/TEA/ToxicEpi/ToxicEpi_Images/iaq_epa.jpg

77

Biceps curl

http://www.defense.gov/DODCMSShare/NewsStoryPhoto/2011-09/hrs_6112250708_a5a38b8552.jpg

78

Beer and cigarette

http://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-aids/images/beer-cigarette.jpg

81

Cellular swelling

Lauren Besenhofer and Ken McMartin, LSU Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA

82

Fatty liver

G.A.S. Ansari and Mary F. Kanz, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX

86

Leg necrosis

http://openi.nlm.nih.gov/imgs/512/2/2978229/2978229_1752-1947-4-326-1.png

87

Hydropic degeneration of hepatocytes

http://openi.nlm.nih.gov/imgs/512/182/3187731/3187731_1476-511X-10-166-2.png

88

Normal and necrotic liver cells

Sidhartha Ray, Manchester University College of Pharmacy, Fort Wayne, IN

89

Necrosis

Sidhartha Ray, Manchester University College of Pharmacy, Fort Wayne, IN

90

Apoptosis

http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/illustrations/apoptosismacrophage

91

Necrosis and apoptosis

Animated by Patient Education Institute

92

Apoptosis vs. necrosis in liver

Sidhartha Ray, Manchester University College of Pharmacy, Fort Wayne, IN

93

Pharmacy

http://nihseniorhealth.gov/falls/faq/images/pharmacist.jpg

94

Reversible cell damage

Animated by Patient Education Institute

97

Cell response to damage

http://www.cancer.gov/PublishedContent/Images/images/targetedtherapies/breast/clip_image002_0004.jpg

98

Cell organelles

http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/biobeat/gallery/CellularMetro.html

99

African sculpture

http://www.nps.gov/ethnography/aah/aaheritage/images/bronzeBust.jpg

100

Parenchymal and stromal tissue

Heather Kleiner-Hancock and Songlin Zhang, LSU Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA

102

Normal hepatocytes

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

103

Intestinal villi

Sidhartha Ray, Manchester University College of Pharmacy, Fort Wayne, IN

104

Neurotoxic effects  methamphetamine

http://archives.drugabuse.gov/NIDA_Notes/NNVol15N4/CellDamage.gif

105

Progression to cirrhotic liver

http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/images/cd/liver-prog.png

106

Normal and cirrhotic liver

http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/images/cd/liver-prog.png

107

Rat testis atrophy

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

109

Lungs and cross-section

Drawn by Patient Education Institute

110

CT scan of infant lungs

Robert Castille, Columbus Children’s Research Institute, and Charles V. Smith, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, WA

111

Toxic damage

Animated by Patient Education Institute

117

Nerve cell messages

IStock Photo purchased by SOT

118

Neuromuscular transmission

Animation created by Patient Education Institute

119

Hemoglobin diagram

Drawn and animated by Patient Education Institute

121

Normal vs. atrophied prostate

http://www.webpathology.com/image.asp?case=14&n=6 (Normal) http://www.webpathology.com/image.asp?case=14&n=7 (atrophic)

123

Rat testes

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

124

Hypertrophy

Drawn by Patient Education Institute

125

Rat hepatocytes

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

126

Tetraology of Fallot

https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/tof/

127

Hyperplasia

Animation by Patient Education Institute

129

Rat mammary gland

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

131

Rat liver

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

133

Trachea

Reproduction of a lithograph plate from Gray's Anatomy, a two-dimensional work of art, is not copyrightable in the U.S. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gray961.png

Epithelia

US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program (http://training.seer.cancer.gov/index.html)

134

Metaplasia

http://www.deeptrancenow.com/images/effectsofsmoking-carcinoma.jpg

137

Dysplasia cross-section

http://visualsonline.cancer.gov/details.cfm?imageid=7658

Dysplasia surface

http://visualsonline.cancer.gov/details.cfm?imageid=7594

138

Mustard gas victim

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mustard_gas_burns.jpg

Conjuctiva of the eye

Normal cornea http://eyepathologist.com/Eyepath.asp?IDNUM=900010&Size=XGA
Corneal dysplasia http://eyepathologist.com/disease.asp?IDNUM=317480

139

Anaplastic cells

Drawing by Patient Education Institute

Tumor

https://visualsonline.cancer.gov/details.cfm?imageid=1988

140

Meningioma

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Meningioma_intermed_mag.jpg This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

141

Blood neoplasia

Armando Irizarry, Pathology, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN

 

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